Gotta Love the Hat!
William Ezra “Linwood” Candler Bowlen (1859-1865)
Little Linwood was the son of Felicia Edmonia Candler and Dr. George W. Bowlen. Dr. Bowlen was a prominent civil war doctor that practiced in Barnesville, MD. Linwood is buried in a remote cemetery in Barnesville located on Barnesville Road. It was once owned and maintained by The Barnesville Methodist Church. From the looks of the site it appears that no one is maintaining the site.
At the time of his death, the family were Methodist. His death propelled Dr. Bowlen to study religion and made the decision to switch religions to Catholicism. This would explain why he is not buried with the remainder of the family at St. Mary’s Cemetery in Barnesville.
Rest in peace little one.
William T. Gardiner and Josephine G. Gardiner had a son named Walter Gardiner born in 1913 in Pocahontas County, Grant, Iowa. The 1915 Iowa census confirms this. A family memoir states that he died in a forest fire in 1918. I have been unable to locate a death record, tombstone or article for little Walter Gardiner (1913-1918). Any help would be greatly appreciated.
Basil John Fletcher Simpson was the son of Francis Simpson and Catherine Gardiner. He was named after the first ancestor, Basil J.F. Simpson who emigrated from Edinburgh Scotland in the 1730’s. He was born in 1830 in Unity, Montgomery County, Maryland. He and his family resided in the small village of New London, Maryland. In 1858 he married Laura J. Nusbaum (1841-1914) and together they had 6 children – all but one reaching the age of maturity. Basil J.F. as he was know, was a pious and faithful servant of the Lord. He was the superintendent and teacher of the Central United Methodist Church in New London.
Basil worked as a blacksmith, wheelwright and also a cabinet maker, building coffins during the civil war. He passed away at a relatively early age in the comfort of his home. He is resting in peace at the Central Church Cemetery. The following is a copy of his obituary which appered in the Frederick News on 18 FEB 1899. It is interesting to note that all the newspapers state the year of his death and 1899, but his tombstone states he died in the year 1900. I would assume that the paper is correct as several of the family tombstones contain errors, mostly misspellings.
Mr. Basil J. F. Simpson, whose death at New London was briefly mentioned was aged 68 years, 11 months and 13 days. Death ensued from grip, the first atttack being about twelve years ago. Mr. Simpson was an honored citizen of New London for about forty years and a lifelong member of Central church, ofwhich he was a class leader for many years. His wife and four children survivehim. The children are Messrs.Ridgely, of near Frederick, Allen B., of Fort Seneca, Ohio, Mrs. John H. Albaugh, of Libertytown, and Mrs. Nelson Jones, of Montgomery county. The funeral took place last Saturday morning from, his late home, Rev.G. F. Farring officiating. Interment was made at Central chapel graveyard.
An interesting article appeared in the Frederick Examiner on 28 OCT 1858 that lends a little insight to the strong character and values that Basil possessed. It reads:
On the evening of Thursday, 7th inst., at New London, in New Market district, John H. Bevans, while laboring under an access of Mania a polu attempted to kill Mrs. P. Riggs, an aged lady, by cutting her throat. It seems that Bevans, excited by drink to madness, had previously assailed several persons with a drawn knife, out they managed to escape to places of safety, and upon coming to the house of Mrs. Rigss, he broke open the door chased out the family, consisting of females, and catching the old lady in the street, threw her down attempted to pinion her her hands under his knee, made one cut across her throat and was in the act of repeating his murderous blow when, when he was struck in the head with a stone thrown by Mr. Basil Simpson. He was immediately secured. Mrs. Riggs’ wound was dressed by Dr. T.W. Simpson of Liberty; but at last accounts was in a very critical condition. Bevans we learn, has been placed in St. Joseph’s Hospital, Philadelphia.
To the right is an 1858 map of New London, MD. You can see from the map and the Riggs, and the Bevans (Beavans) were neighbors. Basil Simpson’s inlaws, the Nusbaum’s also live on the same street. On the 1850 census, Daniel Nusbaum, Basil’s father in-law listed his occupation as a wheelwright. It is a natural assumption that Daniel taught Basil the same trade.
General James C. Clarke named one of his sons “Wendell Bollman Clarke”. Since I could find no family correlation to the name I began to research the name in hopes of finding a connection. James C. Clarke was one of the most notable railway men in the nation. James C. Clarke had an illustrious railroad career rising to the ranks of President of the Illinois Central Railroad and Mobile and Ohio Roads. His other accomplishments are too vast to list can can also be viewed on my blog. So the first logical place to begin searching for Wendel Bollman was in railroad history. My hunch proved correct.
I was delighted to find so much documentation on him. Here is what I found out about Wendell Clarke’s name sake. The original Wendel Bollman (1814-1884) was born January 21, 1814 in Baltimore, MD. Wendel’s father died when he was 11 years. It is ironic that both Wendel and James lost their fathers at an early age and forced to find work to support themselves and their families. Both would find themselves working for the B & O Railroad. Wendel was only 14 years of age when he started working as a carpenter laying wooden railroad tracks. Wendel worked various positions rising eventually to Master of the Road – he was a self-taught builder and engineer. The first Bollman Truss was built in the 1850’s over the Little Patuxent in Savage, Maryland. It was the first bridge built entirely of iron in America. The nearby elementary school “Bollman Bridge Elementary” was named for him. Bollman rebuilt the Harper’s Ferry Bridge in West Virginia in 1851. This would become one of his most famous bridges and rebuilt many time using his system throughout the civil war due to enemy fire. Unfortunately the bridge was washed away in a flood in the 1930’s.
In 1852 Bollman was awarded a patent for his iron suspension truss design called the Bollman Truss.” He transformed bridge building from an art to a science. Bollman is heralded as the first successful iron bridge builder in America.
Circa 1855 Wendel Bollman left the B & O Railroad and together with James Clarke and J. H. Tegmeyer would form the W. Bollman Company in Baltimore, MD located in Canton on Clinton Street & Second Avenue. The company was one of the first to design, fabricate and erect bridges. Baltimore County Circuit Court records (Libor GHC 25 Folio 55) reveals that J.H. Tegmeyer on August 30, 1859 leased the Canton Company of Baltimore with a 99 year lease renewable forever for manufacturing iron bridges or similar manufactured items for at least two years. It is a natural assumption that this is where they opened their business. The company faced trouble and ceased to exist circa 1862. On January 8, 1863 Tegmeyer and Clarke executed a deed (Libor GES 216 Libor 539) agreeing to sell the factory to Bollman. Baltimore was facing trouble with wartime conditions in the city which contributed the company’s demise.
Circa 1865 Bollman would form a new company – Patapsco Bridge and Iron Works. The advertisment below touted the fact that they where the only establishment in Baltimore to manufacture its own bridges. In addition to building bridges Bollman is also credited as being one of the architects for City Hall in Baltimore. In 1873 he supplied the iron castings for the splendid dome on City Hall. he worked at the company until his death in 1884 at which time the company was dissolved.
Wendell Bollman Clarke born September 27, 1859 in Baltimore, MD. He was affectionately called Wennie. An 1886 Frederick newspaper article stated “Wendell has a rather delicate constitution”. The article further states, “He is a good, faithful business man and a general favorite especially with children. He mends their toys, teaches them to ride the bicycle, and entertains them with his inexhaustible fund of stories. Almost every evening he can be seen on the seated on the front steps of his father’s handsome residence with a crown of youngsters around him. There is not a child among them that does not love him to distraction. Such a son is always the joy of the household”.
Wendell Bollman Clarke died on March 21, 1920 and is buried with his family at Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Frederick, MD.
"Gen. Clarke and His Boys." The News [Frederick, MD.] 10 July 1886: 4. Newspaperarchive. Web. 16 Sept. 2009. <http://newspaperarchive.com>.
Smith, William Prescott. The Book of the Great Railway Celebrations of 1857, Embracing a Full Account of the Opening of the Ohio & Mississippi, And the Marietta & Cincinnati Railroads, And the Northenwestern Virginia Branch of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. New York, New York: Appleton & Co., 1858. N. pag. Google. Web. 16 Sept. 2009. <http://books.google.com/ books?id=KsdHAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA120&dq=William+Prescott+Scott+-+the+book+of+the+great+railway#v=onepage&q= &f=false>.
Howard, George Washington. The monumental city, its past history and present resources. 1-2 vols. N.p.: J.D. Ehlers & Co., 1873. N. pag. Google. Web. 16 Sept. 2009. <http://books.google.com/ books?id=k9ERAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Howard,+George+Washington+(1873),+%22The+Monumental+City ,+Its+Past+History+and+Present+Resources&source=gbs_book_other_versions_r&cad=9#v=onepage&q=&f=false>
Griggs, Frank, Jr. "A self-Taught Engineer." Structuremag. NCSEA, Feb. 2006. Web. 16 Sept. 2009. http://www.structuremag.org/Archives/2006-2/D-GA-Bollman-Feb-06.pdf.
Wikipedia contributors. "Wendel Bollman." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. N.p., 11 Aug. 2009. Web. 16 Sept. 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wendel_Bollman>. Photo's from Library of Congress Website - Historic Engineering Record, Library of Congress Compiled after 1968 [online image] http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/hhh.wv0291 Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Bollman Bridge, Spanning Potomac River at Harpers Ferry, Harpers Ferry, Jefferson County, WV
James C. Clarke was a distinguished man and Frederick, Maryland resident. He was one of the most notable railroad men in History. He was brought into the world by Dr. Gustavus Warfield on March 3, 1824 in Unity, Montgomery County, MD. Son of Elizabeth (Betsy) Simpson and William Clarke. The Simpsons’ originally came from the South England and his father from Newtownards, County Down, Ireland. Betsy and William were entered into the estate of matrimony by the Reverend Doctor Jennings on May 4, 1823. William was employed by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad when it was extending its line into Frederick County.
Betsy Simpson Clarke was very spoiled and high spirited. They were aristocratic,descending from Worthington’s and Ridgely’s, and quite wealthy owning many slaves. Mr. William Clarke was very amiable and endeavored to please her but she would frequently fly into a rage and seeking revenge would set free some of the slaves. Finally Mr. William Clarke would leave her and the family never to return.
Betsy in time became poor and at 12 years of age James C. Clarke stopped his schooling at Point of Rocks, MD to seek employment. He called on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal but was refused work due to his young age. James pressed on telling them he had a mother to support. They admired his courage and started him as a water boy. By age 16 he was a mule driver of a canal boat and held the position for four years eventually rising to the owner of a boat, which was sunk in a collision.
In 1844, when he was 20 years of age, he applied for a job on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and was accepted. His hard work and industrious application soon brought their reward. For 10 years he labored for the B & O starting in the machine and repair shops advancing to a locomotive fireman and next an engineer. He was an ambitious young man on the move. He soon mastered the conductors job, station agent and then train master. During his term of service he ran the old engine “Arabian.”
December 21, 1852 he married Susan Schaffer (1832-1892), daughter of Peter Schaffer and Elizabeth Brunner. The Brunner family it should be noted was one of the first families of Frederick. Her great-grandfather, Jacob Bruner, founded a tract of land called “Shiverstadt” now known as Schifferstadt and the home still remains to this day. James and Susan had 5 children.
In 1854 James C. Clarke was made superintendent of the Central Ohio Railroad where he was when the famous Col. John H. Drone, master of transportation on the B & O ,was selected as General Superintendent of the Illinois Central Railroad. The only man that he asked to bring with him for the job was James C. Clarke. James was appointed Assistant Superintendent under Col. Drone.
Col. Drone died in an accident at Hyde Park in 1856 and James Clarke succeeded him as General Superintendent. While in charge he had the task of safely transporting President Abraham Lincoln from Harrisburg, PA to Washington, DC. A few years before Abraham Lincoln had been an attorney for the Illinois Central Railway.
The Clarke family was eager to return to Maryland to engage in farming, milling and merchandising in Frederick County, MD. He was regularly visited by Federal and Confederate Armies. He once owned the farm that was owned by Governor Frank Thomas.
From 1862-1870 he took charge of the Ashland Iron works in Baltimore County, Maryland at a large salary in the manufacturing of iron. His success was unparalleled, he soon became an owner of interest in this establishment.
In 1866 after three years residency in Baltimore County, J.C. Clarke was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates. In 1867 he was elected to the State Senate in Annapolis where he served for two terms at that point he was offered the presidency of the Western Railroad for a handsome salary, but turned it down for his first love the canal.
in 1870 Governor Bowie met with the Board of Public Works in Annapolis and nominated J. C. Clarke as President of the C & O Canal at $10,000.00 dollars per annum. The highest salary ever paid.
In 1872 General Clarke was made President and General Manager of the Erie Railroad where he remained until 1874. He was then made an offer to be the General Superintendent of the Illinois Central Railroad, rising to President of the railroad in 1883. During his 4 year presidency the railroad shared in the general prosperity incidental to the western boom in immigration.
In 1888 Clarke went with the Mobile and Ohio Railroad for a year and a half as its V.P. and General Manager. He salvaged a flailing railroad and was able to put back the road on a paying basis and when he retired in 1898 left the railroad in a most prosperous condition. Clarke is described as a rough and ready railroader, tall and strong with a can-do attitude. He was a master story teller was loved by all.
James C. Clarke passed away December 9, 1902 of Bright’s Disease. He is honored in death by a family monument in Mt. Olivet Cemetery. Buried beside him are his wife, children and family friend Caroline V. Haller.
Clarke Place, a charming street in Frederick County, Maryland was named for James C. Clarke. The beautiful fountain in front of the old court house (now City Hall) was donated to the City of Frederick in 1862 by the General. General Clarke had a love affair with the city for which he and his family had resided and he always remained a benefactor.
Photograph of City Hall & Clarke Monument Courtesy of Bob Carney, all rights reserved.
Terrence O’ Sullivan was born to James and Mary Connor O’Sullivan on May 7th, 1866. The family homestead in Ireland was in Loughfouder, County Kerry. Terrence emigrated to the USA in 1880. He made his home in the District of Columbia and his occupation was a harness maker. He ran a productive business and used the skills of his trade that he learned from his homeland. The quality was enhanced by using the Irish stitch in his harness making. Today you may know it as the flame or bargello stitch. In 1888 Terrence would marry Josephine Bridget Fealy and produce 9 off-springs. Sadly, only three survived to adulthood. Terrence died in 1920. The trade that kept he and his family alive would ultimately take his life after the poisonous prick of a needle.
I am looking for clues in this name – Sarah Ann Robinson Worthington Clarke – Can you help me solve this?”
The first Sarah Ann Robinson Worthington Clarke was born on April 15, 1826 and died May 5th of the same year. The second Sarah Ann Robinson Worthington Clarke was born June 22, 1830 in Frederick County, Maryland. The child of Elizabeth Simpson & William Clarke. Her father William, was born in Newtownards, County Down, Ireland on March 25, 1799. I assume that William carried on the Irish naming pattern from his native land. The pattern states that the first daughter is named after the mother’s mother. Interestingly enough they used the exact same name for daughter one and two.
SO I will now try to dissect the name to come up with clues
Sarah – This is easy and matches the naming pattern – Sarah is her maternal grandmothers name.
Ann – Her maternal great grandmother was Anne Ridgely – maybe after her?
Robinson – Not sure who this is
Worthington – This is her grandmother’s last name – Sarah Worthington
So I know where Sarah and Worthington come from. I think I know where Ann comes from, but what about Robinson? I have traced her maternal line back to the 1600’s with no mention of Robinson. Do you think Robinson or Ann Robinson could have been the name of her paternal grandmother?
Pictured is Elizabeth Simpson Clarke mother of Sarah.
The majority of my research is focused on the following family lines: Gardiner, Simpson, Clarke, Worthington, Green, Harris, Sullivan and Fealy.
If you landed on this page as a result
of search on a family name, let me know
and let's see if we are related! After all,
It's a small, small world.